Sinopsis

Podcast by Aleph Insights

Episodios

  • A-Level Algorithms

    A-Level Algorithms

    30/09/2020 Duración: 31min

    What is a fair way to decide an exam result in the absence of being able to sit the exam? In this podcast we discuss the background to the controversial A-Level algorithm debacle. We also touch on the concept of fairness in examinations and consider the essence of what we are trying to measure through an exam. Finally, we look at the application of algorithms to other areas of performance assessment, such as sport. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Explanation of the OFQUAL algorithm: https://rpubs.com/JeniT/ofqual-algorithm - Accuracy of predicted grades: https://www.ucu.org.uk/media/8409/Predicted-grades-accuracy-and-impact-Dec-16/pdf/Predicted_grades_report_Dec2016.pdf - Earlier research on predictive accuracy: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32412/11-1043-investigating-accuracy-predicted-a-level-grades.pdf Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image: dcJohn via Flickr

  • Good vs Bad Distractions

    Good vs Bad Distractions

    23/09/2020 Duración: 37min

    Is procrastination a total waste of time or can it be productive? If you have something important to do, you should really spend the next 25 minutes listening to us discuss the topic. In this podcast we discuss why we feel the urge to procrastinate, and whether it reduces or increases stress in the long run. We also consider the nature of tasks we like to avoid and what the potential benefits of time wasting activities might be. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Wait But Why? on procrastination https://waitbutwhy.com/2013/10/why-procrastinators-procrastinate.html - Svartdal et al, Behavioural Delay in Real-Time Settings https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00746/full - The science behind procrastination https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/why-wait-the-science-behind-procrastination - Westgate et al, Productive Procrastination https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5551689/#:~:text=Productive%20procrastination%20replaces%20one%20adaptive,outcomes%20in%201106%2

  • Lost and (not) Found

    Lost and (not) Found

    16/09/2020 Duración: 29min

    What does it mean when we lose something and why are some of us better at finding things than others? We define the concept of losing something and discuss different heuristics, strategies and technologies that have developed to help us find things. We also mention the psychological impact of losing something, how much time we spend looking for stuff and consider why some people may be better predisposed to locate misplaced objects. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Humans are surprisingly unproductive with their eye movements when searching for items. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2016.2767 - Passport application data https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hm-passport-office-data-august-2020 - Express article on losing things https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/681961/Common-lost-items-keys-phones-glasses-revealed-list - Losing objects can induce grief https://www.harleytherapy.co.uk/counselling/losing-something-you-love.htm - Losing things has a genetic component? h

  • Declining Fertility

    Declining Fertility

    09/09/2020 Duración: 28min

    Recent research suggests there will be a significant reduction in the birth rate over the course of the next century. What would this mean if it were true? In this podcast we discuss the accuracy of population forecasts, the assumptions they are based on, and the relationship between the number of people and factors such as productivity and societal innovation. We also attempt to predict some of the implications of an aging population with fewer children and ask whether there is an optimal number of human beings. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - BBC coverage of declining fertility https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-53409521 - The ‘Lump of Labour’ fallacy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lump_of_labour_fallacy - Derek Parfit’s repugnant conclusion https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/repugnant-conclusion/ Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image via PickPic

  • Toast and Marmot

    Toast and Marmot

    02/09/2020 Duración: 30min

    With a case of the bubonic plague being contracted in Mongolia after consumption of a wild marmot, we consider whether disgust at certain foodstuffs serves a protective purpose. We all experience disgust, but do we really think about it? In our latest podcast, we list some of the more disgusting foods we've come across while discussing why we find somethings more repugnant than others. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Boy eats marmot, dies https://edition.cnn.com/2020/07/15/asia/mongolia-plague-death-scli-intl/index.html - Neural basis for cheese disgust https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00511/full - The mystery of disgust https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/articles/199801/mystery-disgust - The disgust test http://people.stern.nyu.edu/jhaidt/disgustscale.html Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image: DC via Wikimedia Commons

  • Don’t Buy the Album

    Don’t Buy the Album

    27/08/2020 Duración: 33min

    In the age of music streaming, does the idea of an album make sense any more? In this podcast we discuss the conceptual origins of the album and talk about the implications of its evolution from vinyl, to tape and CD, and finally to the cloud. We also touch on the artistic purpose of an album, and whether this has been destroyed or merely altered by the move to digital streaming. Fundamentally, we question the purpose of an album and whether it still has meaning. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Album sales at their lowest for 60 years https://www.nme.com/news/music/album-sales-at-their-lowest-for-60-years-due-to-coronavirus-pandemic-2636855 - Music format trends https://www.visualcapitalist.com/music-industry-sales/ - Average length of hit songs https://www.vox.com/2014/8/18/6003271/why-are-songs-3-minutes-long Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image via PxHere

  • Dispensing Wisdom

    Dispensing Wisdom

    19/08/2020 Duración: 32min

    “Advice is a dangerous gift, even from the wise to the wise” - so definitely don’t listen to us, as we discuss what to do with others’ wisdom. In this podcast we explore the value of intergenerational advice, whether age equates to wisdom and what makes someone receptive to advice, regardless of its quality. We also address the areas in which people seek advice and how this has altered over time. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Biggest life mistakes https://kathycaprino.com/2015/07/the-top-10-life-mistakes-that-make-us-struggle-most/ - Citizens Advice trends https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/about-us/difference-we-make/advice-trends/ - Citizens’ Advice Bureauxinformation film from 1940 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PjDgvc6TVU - Do old people understand what young people worry about? https://nfpsynergy.net/blog/are-kids-really-alright-biggest-challenges-facing-young-people-today-0 Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image: Paul Mercuri via Wik

  • Storm in a Teacup

    Storm in a Teacup

    12/08/2020 Duración: 30min

    An American makes tea badly and suddenly the British are up in arms. What does the way you make tea tell someone about you? This podcast addresses the information we obtain from little shibboleths such as making tea, and discusses whether it is accurate, valid and useful. Does it merely foster class and cultural exclusion, or do these ceremonies and their preservation still serve a valuable social purpose? A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Michelle on TikTok explains how to make ‘British Tea’ https://www.standard.co.uk/insider/living/american-tiktok-user-brits-tutorial-hot-tea-british-tea-a4463126.html - The original ‘shibboleth’ https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Judges+12%3A5-6&version=KJV - Tea and class https://thedailytea.com/travel/british-tea-classes-masses/ - Historical shibboleths https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shibboleths Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image via PublicDomainPictures.net

  • High Anxiety

    High Anxiety

    05/08/2020 Duración: 27min

    With our current pandemic related concerns, we seem to have forgotten about other scary things, like terrorism or environmental catastrophe. Should we be concerned by our lack of worry? We discuss whether we worry about the right things, whether we are worrying less than we used to and whether worry can even be accurately measured. What is the right amount to worry and what is the purpose of worrying? Does it serve a rational function? Things mentioned in this podcast: - Personal well-being, according to the ONS https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/bulletins/measuringnationalwellbeing/april2018tomarch2019 - Ipsos MORI’s ‘issues index’, tracking top concerns over time https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/issues-index-archive - Cognitive economics is a new field that takes the goings on inside of the mind seriously http://www.knowingandmaking.com/2019/05/what-is-cognitive-economics.html - System 3: Decision making through imagination http://www.hcdi.net/back-to-the-future-system-

  • The Worst Year Ever?

    The Worst Year Ever?

    29/07/2020 Duración: 34min

    How bad or good is 2020 by historical comparison? Should we stop moaning and just be glad we weren’t living through 536 AD or 541 AD? We mull over how to go about determining the overall amount of suffering in a given year and what constitutes the worst year ever. How should it be measured? Is the size of the human race at the time relevant? And are we predisposed to recency bias, where terrible events in the past are largely ignored? A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - Is 2020 the worst year ever? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ECfXI_A39bA - List of natural disasters by death toll https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll - List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_and_anthropogenic_disasters_by_death_toll - The Toba Catastrophe Theory https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/toba_catastrophe_theory.htm - The ‘536 AD’ theory https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/11/why-536-was-worst-year-be-alive Find more Cognitiv

  • One-hit Wonders

    One-hit Wonders

    22/07/2020 Duración: 31min

    Is it better to live one day as the comic singer of a novelty number one, than 100 years as a respected indie band with a cult following? Nick, Chris and Fraser discuss what constitutes a one-hit wonder, how it applies to other art forms and areas of human endeavour, and whether we should aim for sustained mediocrity or concentrated brilliance. A few things we mentioned in this podcast: - UK one-hit wonders https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_one-hit_wonders_on_the_UK_Singles_Chart - ‘One Hit Wonderland’ by ToddintheShadows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2Vav3a4PAc&list=PLLznZMqdhi_T5X0XrVX16lTN0um7Onpkf Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44 Image: Phil Long via Flickr

  • Pre-Digital Relics

    Pre-Digital Relics

    15/07/2020 Duración: 26min

    Do pre-digital relics have a purpose in our technology-driven world? How have digital technologies changed our world and what pre-digital relics are worth hanging on to. And for the sake of nostalgia, here are some things that we grew up with that are unknown today because of the evolution of digital technology: writing a letter, calling someone on the phone for a chat, reading the papers, looking stuff up in reference books, reading maps, surprise visits, being uncontactable, remembering things like phone numbers and waiting for news. Image via Pickpic Things mentioned in this podcast: - Two spaces after a full stop. https://xkcd.com/1285/ - Buttons on shirts https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/03/the-curious-case-of-men-and-womens-buttons/388844/ - Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Individual vs Group Decisions

    Individual vs Group Decisions

    08/07/2020 Duración: 31min

    Is there wisdom in crowds and is group decision-making effective? Fraser, Nick and Peter reach a swift and conclusive judgement. Image: by Tia Dufour via the Whitehouse https://www.flickr.com/photos/whitehouse/48937685671 Things mentioned in this podcast: - How group dynamics affect decisions https://news.stanford.edu/features/2015/decisions/group-dynamics.html - ‘Officially official’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85fx0LrSMsE - Group decision-making https://opentextbc.ca/socialpsychology/chapter/group-decision-making/ - The Expert https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Should we Listen to Celebrities?

    Should we Listen to Celebrities?

    01/07/2020 Duración: 33min

    Does fame and an ability to pretend to be someone else qualify you to be an expert on other matters? Image: Kurt Kulac via Wikimedia Commons Things mentioned in this podcast: - Hugh Grant’s views on the government’s reaction to COVID-19 https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/hugh-grant-this-morning-matt-hancock-coronavirus-lockdown-phillip-schofield-twitter-a9511531.html - Cognitive skills and their transfer: https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/26983/0000550.pdf?sequence=1 - List of actor-politicians https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_actor-politicians - Fifty years of celebrity endorser research https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mar.21315 - 24 times celebrities have been completely unrelatable during quarantine https://www.insider.com/celebrities-quarantine-social-media-distancing-have-been-completely-unrelatable-in-2020-4 Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Rewriting History

    Rewriting History

    24/06/2020 Duración: 28min

    According to the adage, you can’t change the past, but can you or should you change the record of the past? Things mentioned in this podcast: - Dominic Cummings changed his blog https://fullfact.org/health/cummings-blog-coronavirus/ - Historical Negationism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_negationism - Our World in Data, ‘Books’ https://ourworldindata.org/books - List of pages removed from Google’s search results: https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/internet/entries/1d765aa8-600b-4f32-b110-d02fbf7fd379 Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Dust

    Dust

    18/06/2020 Duración: 27min

    It gets everywhere - but what is it and where does it come from? Image: by Pattadis Walarput via Pixabay. Things mentioned in this podcast: - Where does all this dust come from? https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091028114023.htm - Sand crisis https://www.businessinsider.com/world-running-out-sand-resources-concrete-2018-6?r=US&IR=T - Space dust https://www.universetoday.com/94392/getting-a-handle-on-how-much-cosmic-dust-hits-earth/ Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Technologies That Never Quite Catch On

    Technologies That Never Quite Catch On

    12/06/2020 Duración: 33min

    Why is that some technologies are perennially about to transform our lives, but never really take off. Do they have something in common? Image: Antonio Zugaldia via Wikicommons. Things mentioned in this podcast: - When corporate innovation goes bad https://www.cbinsights.com/research/corporate-innovation-product-fails/ - The Death of the E-Reader https://justpublishingadvice.com/the-e-reader-device-is-dying-a-rapid-death/ Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Mistrust

    Mistrust

    05/06/2020 Duración: 29min

    Should we be suspicious of successful people? Is high performance related to dishonesty? Image: justlego1O1 via Flickr Things mentioned in this podcast: - My Mother Thinks Bill Gates is Trying to Kill Us All https://medium.com/honestly-yours/my-mother-thinks-bill-gates-is-trying-to-kill-us-all-bfd47e483e9a - ‘Corrupt Corporate Executive’ on TV Tropes https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/CorruptCorporateExecutive - ‘Snakes in Suits’ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snakes_in_Suits - One in Five CEOs are Psychopaths, New Study Finds https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/australasia/psychopaths-ceos-study-statistics-one-in-five-psychopathic-traits-a7251251.html - Hanson on foragers v farmers http://www.overcomingbias.com/2010/10/two-types-of-people.html Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Mob mentality

    Mob mentality

    29/05/2020 Duración: 26min

    Is there a wisdom in crowds, or are we all heading over the cliff like lemmings? Image: Sérgio Valle Duarte via Wikicommons Things mentioned in this podcast: - The Great Battle of Fire and Light, Wait But Why https://waitbutwhy.com/2019/08/fire-light.html - ‘Sourdough’, xkcd https://m.xkcd.com/2296/ - Mass panics of 2016 https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/aug/29/panic-at-los-angeles-airport-lax-after-noise-mistaken-for-gunfire - Measuring the collective unconscious http://people.tamu.edu/~stevesmith/SmithMemory/Rosen_et_al_1991.pdf Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

  • Power shifts

    Power shifts

    22/05/2020 Duración: 30min

    Does the way different nations have responded to the Covid-19 pandemic tell us anything about the international balance of power? Image: priyampatel4 via pixabay Things mentioned in this podcast: - Correlates of War dataset https://correlatesofwar.org/data-sets/national-material-capabilities - Thomas Cole, the Course of Empire https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Course_of_Empire_(paintings) - Harari on the cycle of empire https://erenow.net/common/sapiensbriefhistory/55.php Find more Cognitive Engineering episodes here https://link.chtbl.com/SQeIgc44

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